Diabetic Supplies FAQs

What is the best diabetic supplies company in UAE? 

Numerous reputed diabetic supply companies offer sufferers a range of products and services. Medworldtrade from Dubai is the industry leader in offering top-notch products for sufferers. The range includes blood glucose meters, insulin pumps, test strips, and other items for treating diabetics.

Who buys diabetic supplies?

People with diabetes need help controlling their blood sugar levels with diabetic products. It includes people diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and those with gestational diabetes and other forms. Family members and caregivers can also buy these products for loved ones with the disease. 

Why do people buy diabetic testing supplies?

People with diabetes buy diabetic testing products to monitor their blood glucose levels and control their condition effectively. Diabetes is a chronic disease that needs to be carefully managed to avoid major health problems in later years. Testing devices such as blood glucose test strips, blood glucose meters, and lancets are essential for people with diabetes taking insulin to ensure the safe adjustment of medication doses to blood glucose levels. 

How to test blood glucose?

  1. Wash your hands.
  2. Insert a test strip into the meter.
  3. Prick your finger with a lancet and put a drop of blood directly on the test strip.
  4. Wait until the results are displayed on the meter.
  5. Note the readings and properly dispose of the materials used for the test.

Do blood glucose test strips expire?

 How do I get freestyle libre sensors for free?

There are several ways to get Freestyle Libre sensors for free or at discounted prices. 

  1. These include patient assistance programs offered by manufacturers that can provide discounted or free sensors to eligible patients.
  2. Check with your health insurance provider, as some insurance plans may cover the cost of the sensors. 
  3. Medicare will cover a portion of the cost of Freestyle Libre under certain circumstances.
  4. Abbott, the manufacturer of Freestyle Libre, also offers a Patient Assistance Foundation that provides financial assistance to those in need, including free sensors. 
  5. It is important to talk to your doctor and health insurance provider to find the best solution for you.

 How to get free diabetic supplies?

There are several ways to find free diabetic supplies.

  1.  One is insurance, which may provide free or discounted supplies as part of primary care. 
  2. In addition, pharmaceutical companies often offer patient assistance programs.
  3. Medicare may cover diabetes supplies such as blood glucose meters, test strips, and lancets.
  4. You can also contact the diabetes center at your local hospital or check with your city’s health department to see if there are low-cost or free diabetes education services.
  5. Carefully research all available offerings and look for the ideal one for your needs.

Diagnostic Equipment FAQs

What Is Diagnostic Equipment?

Diagnostic devices are used in various medical disciplines, such as radiology, cardiology, and neurology, to determine the causes of symptoms caused by injury, disease, or infection. 

These devices use various technologies and techniques to identify underlying causes of symptoms, such as disease, injury, or infection.

What is medical diagnostic equipment?

What is the best blood pressure monitor? 

  • OMRON’s EVOLVE blood pressure monitor is one of the best blood pressure monitors on the market. 
  • It offers accurate readings, a user-friendly design, and advanced features. 
  • IntelliWrap cuff technology provides accurate readings in any upper arm position, while the sleek, portable design allows for convenient use. 
  • In addition, Bluetooth connectivity enables synchronization and tracking of blood pressure data via smartphone/tablet devices – making this meter highly recommended for accurate home blood pressure monitoring.

Which is an example of diagnostic equipment?

  • An ECG machine is an example of a diagnostic device. 
  • An ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart.
  • Medical professionals can use it to analyze the waveforms produced by the heart to detect heart diseases such as arrhythmias, heart attacks, and abnormalities in heart function.
  • ECG equipment is widely used in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare facilities for routine and emergency monitoring of ECG readings.

What basic diagnostic equipment does a doctor need?

  • Physicians require diagnostic equipment to examine patients and diagnose medical conditions accurately. 
  • Standard diagnostic equipment physicians use includes stethoscopes, blood pressure monitors, pulse oximeters, thermometers, and point-of-care ultrasound machines-devices that allow physicians to listen to internal body sounds while monitoring vital signs or assessing injury or disease. 
  • Other standard devices include ophthalmoscopes, which allow doctors to view the back of a patient’s eye, and glucometers, which measure blood glucose levels – essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment plans.

Are wrist blood pressure monitors accurate?

  • Yes, wrist blood pressure monitors can be very accurate when used correctly. 
  • However, their accuracy can depend on several factors, including wrist positioning, wrist size/shape, and unique technique for using the monitor.

You should follow these guidelines to obtain accurate readings with a wrist blood pressure monitor.


  • For optimal readings with a wrist blood pressure monitor, ensure the wrist is at heart level when taking a reading and rest the arm on a table or pillow to support its proper position.

Proper fit 

  • Ensure the cuff fits tightly around your wrist to get accurate readings. A loose or tight fit can affect accuracy and result in inaccurate readings. 

Movement and stillness

  • Do not move during measurement; talking or movement can cause measurement errors.


  • Take readings simultaneously each day, preferably before meals and activities, to ensure accurate readings.
  • Blood pressure monitors worn on the wrist are only suitable for specific individuals. 
  • They may be less accurate for those with arrhythmias, diabetes, or vascular disease – upper arm blood pressure monitors are usually more accurate in these cases.
  • If you are concerned about the accuracy of your blood pressure readings or need monitoring for medical purposes, be sure to see a doctor who can advise you on the proper use of blood pressure monitors so you get accurate readings.

How to read blood pressure monitor?

  • To use a blood pressure monitor properly, wrap the cuff around your upper arm, ensuring it fits securely but comfortably against your skin and not over your clothing. 
  • To get accurate readings, this can take up to 15 minutes.
  • The meter will display two numbers: Systolic pressure (when your heart is beating) and diastolic pressure.
  • The systolic pressure should be between 100 and 130, and the diastolic pressure should be between 60 and 80. 
  • To ensure the readings are accurate, you should take your meter to your doctor’s office and compare them with the readings they get from your meter.
  • Healthcare professionals in the doctor’s office or pharmacy can also take blood pressure readings using digital blood pressure monitors. 
  • Alternatively, you can purchase your home blood pressure monitor to take the readings yourself.

Does apple watch monitor blood pressure?

  • As of May 2023, the Apple Watch no longer has an integrated blood pressure monitor.
  • However, devices like wireless meters connected to iPhones can be paired to measure blood pressure.
  • In April 2022, it was reported that the Apple Watch would not implement the long-awaited blood pressure measurement feature until 2024.

How to calibrate blood pressure monitor Omron?

  • To calibrate an Omron blood pressure monitor, ensure it is turned off and disconnected from all power sources. 
  • Then locate the calibration screw on the back of the unit, marked “CALIBRATION,” and turn it counterclockwise with a small screwdriver until it stops turning. 
  • To recalibrate, ensure the instrument is turned off, locate the calibration screw on the back, loosen it slightly, and press the power switch to turn it back on; the calibration process will begin automatically! 
  • For optimal performance, calibration should be repeated every year or every three to five years, depending on the frequency of use versus the daily calibration cycles of the calibration screw. 
  • For optimal results, recalibration should be performed every year or every three to five years, depending on the frequency of use compared to the annual recalibration cycles of its calibration screw – depending on frequency.

What is an ECG monitor? 

  • Electrocardiography or ECG examination is a noninvasive test that records the electrical signals produced by the heart to assess various cardiac conditions.
  •  Electrodes are attached to the chest, arms, and legs to record the heartbeat. 
  • Then, the signals can be analyzed using software programs specifically designed to record these signals.
  • ECG machines have long been standard equipment in operating rooms and ambulances. 
  • Some personal devices, including smartwatches, also offer ECG monitoring capabilities.
  • An electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the simplest and quickest tests to assess heart health. 
  • It provides physicians with essential data they can use to diagnose or monitor many heart-related conditions.

Equipment Accessories FAQs

What are medical accessories called?

  • Medical supplies, often called medical devices or equipment, are healthcare tools, instruments, and products to diagnose, treat, monitor, or prevent disease. 
  • These medical supplies include, for example, syringes, bandages, gloves, catheters, surgical instruments, monitors, or diagnostic equipment used to diagnose diseases in humans or animals. 
  • They play an essential role in healthcare delivery and in supporting various procedures and are an essential component of quality healthcare for all those involved in the various procedures.

What are medical equipment and supplies?

  • Medical equipment and medical supplies refer to any tool, device, instrument, or material used in health care to diagnose, treat, monitor, or prevent disease. 
  • It includes diagnostic equipment (X-ray machines, MRI scanners, or ultrasound machines), surgical instruments, anesthesia equipment, patient monitors, infusion pumps, etc.
  • Medical supplies include various consumable items necessary for patient care, including gloves, syringes, needles, bandages, dressings, catheters, disposable masks, and gowns.
  • Medical devices and supplies play an essential role in delivering healthcare services, ensuring their safe, accurate, and efficient delivery, as well as the well-being and comfort of patients. 
  • Healthcare providers rely on these instruments and supplies to perform appropriate procedures with high standards of care.

What is medical device accessories?

  • Medical device accessories are finished products designed to supplement and enhance the performance of one or more output devices. 
  • A principal product is any finished product whose performance can be supported, supplemented, or enhanced by one or more accessories. 
  • Medical device accessories refer to articles, substances, and preparations intended to supplement a medical device to make it function more effectively. 
  • The FDA regulates medical device accessories to ensure their safety and effectiveness, categorizing them according to the risks they pose when used according to their intended purpose and the level of regulatory controls needed to ensure their safety and effectiveness.

What equipment is needed for an ECG?

  • Electrocardiography (ECG) involves placing electrodes on the chest, arms, and legs to record the electrical signals that cause the heart to beat. 
  • Once the electrodes are connected to an ECG machine, the heart’s electrical activity can be measured, interpreted, and printed without passing electricity directly into the body.
  • ECG machines are now standard equipment in operating rooms and ambulances, and smartwatches also offer ECG monitoring capabilities. 
  • An ECG scan provides a simple, painless way to quickly detect heart conditions such as arrhythmias or coronary artery disease – rapid heart health monitoring is often critical to staying alive!

What is a patient’s breathing circuit?

  • Patient resuscitation tubes are medical devices designed to deliver oxygen and anaesthetic gases directly to a patient while simultaneously drawing carbon dioxide from their system. 
  • Two main categories exist for such circuits: rebreathing systems and non-rebreathing systems. 
  • In rebreathing systems, the exhaled gases are passed through a carbon dioxide absorber before being returned to the patient.
  •  In contrast, in non-rebreathing systems, the patient is prevented from inhaling the exhaled gases. 
  • The size and type of ventilation circuit depend on the patient. 
  • This circuit consists of an oxygen and anaesthetic gas source, a reservoir bag, and a system of valves and tubing that delivers these gases directly to the patient. 
  • An appropriate fresh gas flow or absorption with fizzy drink lime can control carbon dioxide.

What are the 12 leads of ECG?

  • The ECG (electrocardiogram) is a representation of the heart’s electrical activity recorded by electrodes attached to the body’s surface, providing a three-dimensional picture of the heart’s electrical activity. 
  • The six leads on the limbs (I, II, III, AVR, AVL, and AVf) record electrical voltages in the frontal plane of the body, while six precordial leads record voltages that occur in the horizontal plane. 
  • Three ECG leads are simple; they compare electrical potentials recorded by two electrodes: One electrode explores while the other serves as a reference electrode. 
  • The ECG is a non-invasive but valuable diagnostic tool that records the heart’s electrical activity in the form of waveforms to detect and monitor various heart diseases.

What are ECG wires?

  • ECG wires (or electrocardiogram wires) are thin insulated cables used in medicine to transmit electrical signals from the body to an ECG machine. 
  • ECG wires are attached to electrodes placed on the patient’s skin and record the heart’s electrical activity. 
  • They play an important role in monitoring heart health, diagnosing heart disease, and evaluating the effectiveness of treatments; healthcare providers rely on ECG wires to make accurate diagnoses and plan appropriate treatments.

.What material is ECG cable?

  • ECG cables are made of conductive materials that transmit electrical signals between electrodes and ECG devices called leads. 
  • ECG electrodes are pads attached to the skin that record electrical currents. 
  • An ECG lead represents an outline of electrical conductors, while electrodes can be made of base materials such as silver-silver chloride (Ag-AgCl). Ag-AgCl electrodes are frequently used.

Why use ESU?

  • ESU or electrosurgical units help cut through body parts.
  •  Electrosurgical units use alternating currents of the appropriate frequency to cut and coagulate tissue; at these frequencies, an alternating current can cut through tissue without burning it.

What flow sensors are used in medical devices?

  • A flow sensor is a medical accessory used to accurately measure gas flow in ventilators and anaesthesia workstations, also known as a respiratory gas monitor (RGM). 
  • The flow sensor of an RGM measures the flow rate by providing values for inspired/expired volume during ventilation.


Incontinence FAQs

What are incontinence products?

  • Most incontinence products contain absorbent pads worn under underwear to soak up urine. 
  • Pads and diaper pants use similar technology to baby diapers to wick fluid away from the surface and skin, keeping you always dry.

Why use incontinence products?

  •  Many people living with incontinence suffer from skin irritation caused by wetness on the skin. 
  • Still, incontinence pads help eliminate this by wicking and trapping moisture away from the skin. 
  • In addition, some incontinence pads have built-in odour control technology to combat unpleasant odours that can develop.

Are diapers considered underwear?

  • Diapers are underwear products that allow the user to urinate or defecate without using a toilet by absorbing and containing the excretion products to protect clothing and surroundings from contamination by bodily excretions.

Are diapers better than underwear?

  • Diapers are more absorbent than underwear and provide more comfort for nighttime leaks. 
  • Also, diapers are more accessible to change than underwear — a practical advantage when accidents happen frequently.

What is the difference between briefs and diapers?

  • Yes, briefs typically refer to underwear. 
  • However, when it comes to incontinence products such as adult diapers, they are an appropriate reference point.

What is a bedpan used for?

  • If the person you are caring for cannot leave their bed to go to the bathroom, a bedpan can help catch urine or faeces or is specially designed to fit under a person lying or sitting in bed.

Who uses a bedpan?

  • The bedpan is proper medical equipment that is used frequently in hospitals. 
  • The nurses are primarily involved in managing the bedpan with assistance from the therapists. 
  • The essential features of a bedpan are not only to provide a practical use for the patient but comfort and privacy

Who uses a bedpan?

  • The bedpan is a functional medical device commonly used in hospitals. 
  • Primarily, nurses are responsible for handling the bedpan, with assistance from therapists. 
  • A bedpan’s most essential features are functional use for the patient, comfort, and privacy.

Is a bedpan a medical device?

  • Medical devices range from simple tongue depressors and bedpans to complex programmable pacemakers and closed-loop artificial pancreas systems. 
  • Medical devices include in vitro diagnostic (IVD) products, such as reagents, test kits, and blood glucose meters.

How do you clean a bedpan?

  • Procedure for Cleaning Bedpans and Urinals
  • Empty the contents one by one into the hopper. 
  • Wash with clean cold water. 
  • Use brush, Follow with hot water. 
  • Wipe to dry with the bedpan wiper and hang it on the bedpan rack.

Orthopaedic Support FAQs

Why is orthopaedic care essential?

What is the function of orthopaedic braces?

  • Orthopaedic suspenders are medical devices designed to treat various musculoskeletal problems. 
  • They are worn around the waist or shoulders. 
  • They stabilize and protect vulnerable and injured parts of the body, restore mobility and functionality, and facilitate the healing of bones and muscles.

Is it reasonable to wear ankle support?

  • Yes, they help speed recovery from an ankle injury and reduce future injuries. 
  • It is essential to wear the correct ankle brace for acute injuries, depending on the results achieved. A rigid ankle brace may follow a walking boot as these options provide maximum support.

When should I wear ankle support?

  • Ankle braces in various situations, from everyday activities to high-intensity sports. 
  • If you experience chronic ankle pain from tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, tendonitis or just general discomfort, an ankle sleeve with primary protection and compression can help soothe the pain.

How many hours should I wear ankle support?

What are body belts used for?

  • A body belt is any waist belt with D-rings or other attachment points. The belts can be used as medical restraints in institutions for bed and wheelchair restraints and for safety in activities such as abseiling or construction work.

Do cervical neck devices work?

  • Cervical devices, including neck traction or cervical collars, can be effective treatments for certain conditions and scenarios; however, their effectiveness depends on the condition to be treated with these devices and the person using them.

What is a compression garment used for?

  • Compression garments apply pressure to specific areas of the body for therapeutic and medical reasons, usually to support or relieve discomfort. 

Compression garments perform many important functions:

promote circulation

  • Compression garments apply graduated pressure to the body to promote circulation. 
  • It can benefit people suffering from circulatory problems such as varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis and those recovering from surgery or injury.

Compression garments can reduce swelling.

  • The pressure exerted by compression garments can help reduce swelling, also called edema.
  •  By preventing excessive fluid buildup in the tissues, these garments can help treat lymphedema, post-surgical edema, or other conditions associated with swelling.

Support and stability

  • Compression garments provide support and stability to muscles and joints. 
  • They can be used during sports and physical activities to minimize muscle fatigue, improve athletic performance and reduce the risk of injury.
  • They help prolong healing time and prevent further tissue damage when recovering from injury or surgery.

Body Contouring 

  • Compression garments are made specifically to improve aesthetics by shaping and contouring certain body areas. 
  • They can be worn after cosmetic surgical procedures to support, reduce swelling, and contour the body to the desired shape.

What is the first aid item for fracture?

  • Dress the wound with a clean bandage or a clean, non-fluffy cloth if it is open. 
  • Apply pressure to the area, but not to the protruding bone, to limit bleeding. 
  • Secure the dressing with a Band-Aid. 
  • The injured person should be instructed to stay still and support the injured area so they cannot move.

What is a pouch sling used for?

  • The Arm Sling is a pouch design that helps with shoulder and arm discomfort by using the body to rest the arm, reminding you to avoid movement. 
  • Its deep pocket design can distribute the arm’s weight evenly to reduce pressure points and prevent injuries from worsening.

Will support help with knee pain?

  • A knee brace is one way to relieve the discomfort caused by knee osteoarthritis. 
  • They can relieve the discomfort by shifting weight away from the most damaged area, the knee. 
  • With an orthotic, you can improve your range of motion and continue to move with ease.


Patient Care FAQs

What is the patient care process?

The process of patient care includes five important steps:

  • Collecting objective and subjective information about patients.
  • Reviewing the collected data to identify problems and establish priorities.
  • Creating an individualized treatment plan based on efficient and cost-effective research.
  • Implementing the treatment program.
  • Monitoring the patient’s health between follow-up visits to determine the effectiveness of the treatment plan and adjust it as necessary.

What are the four main routes of enteral feeding?

  • Enteral feeding involves administering nutrition directly into the gastrointestinal tract. 

There are four major methods for this approach, such as:

Nasogastric (NG) Tube

  • It is the most frequently utilized enteral feeding route. 
  • A flexible tube is inserted directly into the stomach through the nose and down the esophagus, then filled with nutritional formula or medications and administered directly into your stomach to deliver nourishment or medications.

Nasoenteric Tube

  • Like its counterpart, a gastroenteric tube is inserted through the nose into the small intestine for feeding purposes when direct access to the stomach is impossible or inadvisable, such as gastroparesis or gastric outlet obstruction.

Gastrostomy Tube (G-tube)

  • When surgical or endoscopic placement of G-tubes is not possible or sufficient, long-term enteral feeding becomes an option when oral intake cannot meet requirements. G-tubes allow long-term enteral nutrition when oral intake cannot. 
  • G-tubes may be placed surgically or endoscopically for optimum placement and performance.

Jejunostomy Tube

  • When feeding directly into the jejunum is impractical or undesirable, jejunostomy tubes (J-tubes) may be used as an alternate means. 
  • J-tubes may also be recommended in cases of gastric dysfunction, swallowing difficulties, or following certain surgeries.
  • Enteral feeding routes vary based on many factors, including an individual’s medical condition, gastrointestinal function, and anticipated duration of enteral nutrition therapy. 
  • Healthcare professionals determine which route best fits each patient based on their unique requirements.

What is a feeding pump?

  • In pump feeding, food is administered through a supply set that is transported to the feeding by a pump and connected to the end of the feeding tube.
  • Pump feeding allows a set amount of food to be administered in a period determined by the user.

What is the function of the feeding pump machine?

  • Enteral feeding pumps use feeding tubes to provide nutrients to patients who cannot absorb nutrients by swallowing. 
  • The tube most commonly used by feeding pumps is the nasogastric tube. The tubes are placed through the nostril, down the throat, into the stomach, and the stomach

What is a feeding pump used for?

  • They are used to give medications and antibiotics and ensure the patient is adequately hydrated. 
  • There are several other feeding pump tubes
  • Another tube commonly used with feeding pumps is the PEG tube, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube.

How do you set up a feeding tube pump?

To set up a feeding tube pump, follow these general steps: 

Get the supplies

  • Ensure you have everything necessary for a feeding tube pump, including the pump, bag, or container of tube feeding, tubing, and any additional items specified by your healthcare provider.

Wash hands

  • Washing hands regularly with soap and water helps keep hands clean and reduces the risk of infection.

Prepare food

  • Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions when preparing infant formula. It may include measuring an appropriate amount and diluting it with water; in any case, ensure the food is at room temperature unless otherwise specified.

Priming tube 

  • Connect one end of the tube to the feeding bag/container and the other to a pump, and allow the infant formula to flow through both tubes to prevent air bubbles from forming.

Fill the feeding bag.

  • Fill the prepared infant formula into the bag or container and close it tightly so that all the formula is sealed inside.

Connect the bag to the pump 

  • securely and attach the bag or container to transport the contents safely.

Make pump setting

  • Follow the specific instructions your healthcare professional or the pump manufacturer provides when setting up the pump. 
  • It includes setting the appropriate feeding rate, volume, and other settings based on your needs.

Start the pump

  • When you turn on the pump, it will start the feeding program and regulate the amount of infant formula flowing into each bottle according to the settings in the programming.

Monitor the feeding

  • Check your pump regularly to ensure it works as designed, and the food flows as intended. 
  • As you do so, watch for any alarms or warnings indicating feeding problems or potential issues.

Clean and store

  • After the feeding is complete, ensure all equipment has been safely disconnected, cleaned according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and stored safely in an airtight location for future use.
  • Note that these steps are only a general framework; the exact instructions may depend on the type and model of the feeding tube pump you are using. 
  • Therefore, always consult your healthcare provider or qualified professionals for specific instructions.

What is the liquid in feeding tubes?

  • Standard diets are the most commonly used by patients with a G-tube. 
  • They consist of undegraded proteins (intact proteins) and polysaccharides. 
  • The proteins are usually derived from cow’s milk, soybeans, or protein isolates from other food sources.

Can you eat food with a feeding tube?

  • Tube feeding is a method of delivering nutrients directly into the small intestine or stomach.
  • A few people with tube feeding can continue drinking and taking food by mouth.
  • It is also possible to receive medications through the tube.

How long can a feeding tube stay in?

  • Although nasogastric tube feeding (NGT) has been repeatedly proven as a technique for enteral nutrition, it shouldn’t be used for more than 4-6 weeks because of problems or inadequate compliance with therapy.

Who needs tube feeding?

  • You may have home enteral nutrition or tube feeding if you can’t eat enough to get the necessary nutrients. 
  • A doctor may recommend it if you have head or neck cancer if cancer treatment makes it hard or painful to swallow, or if you have a brain and spinal cord problem such as stroke or ALS. 

Who needs tube feeding?

  • It is possible to receive enteral nutrition (or tube feeding ) at home if you are not getting enough food to absorb the necessary nutrients.
  • A doctor may suggest this for you if you have neck or head cancer if treatment for the cancer makes swallowing painful or difficult, or if you have a spinal cord injury or brain problem, such as a stroke or ALS.


What is the PPE kit?

  • Personal protective equipment (PPE) is equipment designed to protect worker health by limiting contact with biological agents. 
  • PPE components include helmets, goggles, gloves, masks, coveralls or gowns (with and without aprons), headgear, and shoe covers.

What is latex free glove?

  • Nitrile gloves are made of synthetic rubber that does not contain latex, making them suitable for people allergic to latex. 
  • These gloves are traditionally more brittle than latex gloves and have less sensitivity to hands and fingers.

What material is latex-free gloves?

  • Put, “latex-free” refers to gloves made of non-latex substances. 
  • There are many types of latex-free disposable gloves on the market, and the best known are nitrile, polyethylene, and vinyl gloves.


Rehabilitation Aids FAQs

What are the main types of Rehabilitation Aids?

  • Bath Aids
  • Hospital Beds
  • Mattresses
  • Mobility

What is the meaning of Bath Aids?

  • Bathing aids are any mobility aids that assist in safely getting in and out of the bathtub. As an occupational therapist, bathing is the most common task I encounter with patients with difficulty.

What is the purpose of a bedside commode?

  • A bedside commode can be called an accessible toilet. It has neither a water source nor a drain. 
  • It can be movable for ease of use. It’s an excellent aid for people who cannot use the toilet for health reasons or infirmity. 
  • A commode near the bed is more effective than a bedpan or urinal.

Who needs a Bedside Commode?

  • People who have difficulty going to or using a conventional toilet due to mobility issues, injury, chronic illness, or physical limitations benefit from using a bedside toilet. 
  • This portable, chair-like device with an opening or seat allows individuals to safely go to the bathroom without travelling long distances to use the toilet. 
  • Bedside commodes are commonly used by the elder, people with disabilities, and post-surgery patients undergoing rehabilitation or palliative care.

What’s a hospital bed called?

  • Medical beds, commonly referred to as hospital beds, are specifically designed for use in healthcare facilities such as hospitals and clinics to provide comfort, support, and adjustable features to patients who need medical assistance after surgery or to recover from illness.
  • Hospital beds usually have adjustable height, head and foot sections, side rails, wheels for effortless mobility in healthcare facilities, and easy height adjustment.

What is the function of a manual hospital bed?

  • Manual hospital beds provide adjustable positioning and support for patients in healthcare facilities.
  •  Medical staff can easily adjust the bed’s height, headrest and footrest to meet patient comfort and medical needs. 
  • Manual hospital beds are typically equipped with cranks or levers that allow them to be raised/lowered/tilted as needed – essential patient care tools that support mobility during recovery or treatment.

What is a 3-function hospital bed?

  • A 3-function hospital bed is a special medical bed designed to increase patient comfort and support medical care. 
  • It offers three adjustable functions to maximize comfort. These functions often include electrically controlled height adjustment, backrest recline and leg elevation. 
  • Height adjustment allows caregivers to quickly adjust the bed to an ideal height for patient access and transfer. 
  • The Backrest recline provides comfort during activities such as eating or reading. 
  • The leg elevation feature raises the lower portion of the hospital bed to promote circulation and reduce swelling. 
  • It provides flexibility and customization for the patient and caregiver to optimize patient care and recovery.

What is a 5-function patient bed?

  • The 5-function patient bed is an advanced medical bed designed to provide patients maximum comfort and functionality in healthcare settings. 
  • It has five adjustable functions that meet the different needs of patients and support medical care. 
  • These functions typically include electrically controlled height adjustment, backrest recline, leg elevation, and Trendelenburg and reverse Trendelenburg positions. 
  • Height adjustment allows caregivers to position the bed optimally for nursing tasks and patient transfer.
  • The backrest tilt function allows the patient to sit up or recline for activities such as eating, reading or watching TV. The leg elevation features raise the lower portion of the bed to promote circulation and reduce swelling. 
  • The Trendelenburg and reverse Trendelenburg positions of a 5-function patient bed allow the user to perform surgery or certain medical treatments with greater ease while increasing patient comfort.

What is a single-crank hospital bed?

How do electric hospital beds work?

  • The beds are connected to a power outlet. 
  • They can be controlled by an electronic handset or a control panel on the bed. 
  • In this way, you can control the footboard and headboard of the bed, as well as the overall height of the bed. 
  • There are electric beds that have further adjustment options, such as the beds of the Interlude series.

Respiratory Care FAQs

What are respiratory products?

  • Respiratory support devices include devices designed to help patients who need assistance with breathing and removing carbon dioxide, as well as treatment to reduce the atrophy of the abdominal wall muscles.

What are respiratory care devices?

  • Respiratory care equipment includes spirometers, another pulmonary function testing (PFT) equipment, ventilators, humidifiers and nebulizers, and PAP (positive airway pressure) equipment such as manual ventilators, masks, oxygen equipment, and circuits and supplies.

What is an AED or defibrillator?

  • AED, also known as an automated external defibrillator, can be used in cases of sudden cardiac arrest.
  • It is a sophisticated but easy-to-use medical device that can assess the heart’s rhythm and deliver an electrical shock or defibrillation to return the heart to a normal rhythm.

Where is the anteroposterior AED pad placed for adults?

  • Adults using AED pads typically use an anteroposterior (AP) AED placement approach, in which one lead is placed on the upper right chest just below the clavicle, and one lead is placed in the left axilla, delivering the electrical shock longitudinally to the heart through both leads and providing effective defibrillation in adult patients.

Can you use child AED pads on adults?

  • AED pads for children should not be used on an adult patient. 
  • They are not designed to deliver an adequate shock dose to adults experiencing cardiac arrest. 
  • The pads are intended for children and infants under eight and weighing less than 55 pounds.

What type of batteries does an AED use?

  • An AED (Automated External Defibrillator) uses a special HEART PLUS AED battery to ensure optimal function and proper battery performance.
  • HEART PLUS AED batteries are carefully designed to provide reliable, long-term power to AEDs and prepare them for use in emergencies.

What is the lifespan of the AED battery?

What is the Philips HeartStart home defibrillator used for?

  • The Philips HeartStart Home Defibrillator is designed to help treat one of the nation’s deadliest deaths – sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). 
  • When SCA is diagnosed, the electrical system in the heart’s circuits shortens.

How do you use a Philips HS1 defibrillator? 

Follow the steps below to use a Philips HS1 defibrillator effectively.

  • First, ensure your safety and that of the victim by eliminating any potential hazards when using the defibrillator.
  • Remove the defibrillator from the case and turn it on; the voice prompts will guide you through the steps of use.
  • Expose the victim’s chest and wipe away moisture if necessary. 
  • Remove clothing or other items that may interfere with the effectiveness of the electrode pads; place the electrode pads firmly on the victim’s chest, following the placement instructions (usually shown) by adhering them firmly.
  • Ensure that no one comes in contact with the patient or the bed while the heart rhythm is being analyzed. 
  • A defibrillator analyzes the heart rhythm to determine if a shock is needed.
  • If a shock is needed, the defibrillator will ask you to step back and press the shock button before delivering the shock. 
  • Make sure no one is touching the victim before administering an electric shock.
  • Once the shock has been administered, continue CPR with chest compressions and rescue breaths according to the defibrillator instructions.
  • Follow the defibrillator voice prompts for additional instructions on performing CPR cycles and administering additional shocks if needed.
  • Follow defibrillator instructions and administer additional shocks or perform CPR until emergency medical services (EMS) arrive, or the victim shows signs of life.
  • Remember to complete proper defibrillator training and strictly follow its instructions and guidelines.

Where do you put AED on infants and children?

  • Place a pad above the breasts on the upper right side of the chest. For infants, place the bandage on the front of the breast. Place the second bandage on the lower left side of the breast just under the armpit.

Sleep Therapy FAQs

What is the history of sleep therapy?

  • The origins of sleep therapy go back thousands of years, with various civilizations recognizing its importance to overall well-being. 
  • Nevertheless, it was not until the 20th century that modern medicine began to explore and practice sleep therapy as an official discipline.
  • Researchers such as Nathaniel Kleitman and Eugene Aserinsky made groundbreaking advances in sleep research in the early 1900s, such as the discovery of rapid eye movement sleep (REM). 
  • Their groundbreaking discoveries led to the realization that sleep consists of distinct stages that can significantly impact health, with disruptions being detrimental.
  • In the mid-20th century, sleep medicine received a significant boost with the establishment of sleep laboratories equipped with electroencephalography (EEG) machines to monitor brain activity during sleep, which enabled physicians to more easily diagnose and treat various sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and insomnia.
  • Technological developments such as polysomnography and portable sleep monitoring devices have greatly improved the accuracy and accessibility of sleep therapy over the years. 
  • Continuous positive airway pressure therapy was introduced in the 1980s and has revolutionized the treatment of sleep apnea patients worldwide, providing relief to millions of people.
  • More recently, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of sleep hygiene and behavioural therapy interventions in treating sleep disorders. 
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has emerged as a highly successful non-pharmacological solution for treating chronic insomnia.
  • Sleep therapy continues to evolve with ongoing research, technological advances in diagnostic tools, and the introduction of innovative treatments. 
  • Sleep medicine, psychology, neurology and respiratory therapy work together to improve sleep quality for optimal health and well-being.

What are CPAP masks?

  • ​Constant Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) masks are medical devices used in sleep therapy to treat sleep apnea and other respiratory conditions. 
  • Their design ensures that a constant stream of compressed air is delivered to the airways during sleep to keep them open and maintain breathing.


What are full face masks called?

  • Respirators that cover the mouth and nose are called half-mask respirators.
  • Respirators that cover the entire face, including the eyes, are called full-face respirators.
  • Both types use any combination of filters, prefilters, and cartridges. 
  • The type of cartridge or filter needed depends on the hazard.


What are the benefits of a full face mask?

  • Full-face masks in sleep therapy refer to CPAP masks that cover both the nose and mouth to ensure maximum comfort during treatment and provide multiple benefits to individuals with special needs or preferences:

Enhanced Airflow

  • Full-face masks with enhanced airflow provide continuous and efficient compressed airflow to the nose and mouth to effectively treat individuals who breathe through the mouth during sleep or suffer from a blocked nose.

Minimized Air Leakage

  • Full-face masks usually have an airtight seal to reduce air leakage. They are especially helpful for individuals who move around during sleep or experience higher pressure settings, helping to maintain prescribed therapy pressure without interruptions.

Flexibility and comfort

  • Full-face masks come in various sizes and styles to ensure a comfortable fit, depending on facial structure and personal preference. 
  • Many are equipped with adjustable headgear or padding to ensure a secure and customized fit during sleep, further enhancing comfort during this phase.

Reducing claustrophobia

  • People often feel constricted when wearing masks that only cover the nose. 
  • On the other hand, full-face masks offer more openness and can reduce anxiety by making it easier to get used to the mask so therapy sessions can go smoothly.

Adjustment of facial hair

  • Full-face masks can adapt to people with beards, moustaches or facial hair by providing a seal that encloses facial hair, allowing for effective therapy.

Why use a full-face CPAP mask?

  • A full-face CPAP mask is designed to cover a larger portion of your face
  • It primarily covers the nose and mouth. 
  • It provides the most effective and efficient pressure for those who need less or more air pressure. 
  • It is ideal for mouth breathers and people who sleep in their beds.


What is a CPAP full face mask used for?

  • A full-face CPAP mask is generally recommended for people who breathe through their mouths during sleep, suffer from obstructions or nasal congestion, or require higher air pressure. 
  • It forms a tight mask that seals the face, allowing air pressure to enter the airway and ensuring adequate oxygenation during sleep.


What are the different types of BMC masks?

  • BMC (Beijing Medical Device) manufactures CPAP equipment and masks. 

These CPAP masks from BMC are available in a variety of styles to meet different needs and preferences:

Nasal masks 

  • Nasal masks cover the nose and are held securely with straps, allowing compressed air to enter the nostrils directly. 
  • Nasal masks are popular with CPAP users because of their lightweight and less obtrusive design.

Full-face masks 

  • Cover the nose and mouth, creating a seal that allows compressed air to pass directly into both areas. 
  • Therefore, this type of mask is suitable for people who breathe through their mouths while sleeping or suffer from nasal congestion, as well as those who require higher pressure settings. 
  • They are best used as a nighttime sleep aid.

Nasal pillow masks

  • Nasal pillow masks are soft inserts placed directly into the nostrils, releasing air under pressure. 
  • Compared to nasal and full-face masks, they are less intrusive because they minimally touch the face. 
  • They are ideal for individuals who prefer an open feeling but do not require full coverage.

Oral masks

  • Oral masks, also called mouth-to-nose masks, cover only the mouth and are designed for people who breathe exclusively through the mouth while sleeping. 
  • They provide an airtight seal around the mouth to ensure effective airflow.


Are full-face CPAP masks safe?

  • CPAP masks come in various designs, from nasal pillows to nasal masks that allow air to enter through the nose to full-face masks that provide air to the mouth and nose.
  • While not suitable for everyone, CPAP masks are a good option for people who breathe with their mouths.

Can you sleep with a CPAP mask?

  • Like anything else you try for the first time, wearing a CPAP mask can feel weird. 
  • But if you don’t get accustomed to wearing it, you’ll have trouble sleeping with it. 
  • Instead of putting it on the right before you try to sleep, wear it as much as possible before bedtime.


How long does a CPAP full face mask last?

  • Regardless of the type of CPAP mask you use, it is recommended that you change the cushion (the part that comes in direct contact with your face) at least once or twice a month and the entire mask at least every six months. 
  • There are currently up to seven types of CPAP masks on the market.


Urinary Supplies FAQs

What are urinary supplies?

  • Urological products are made to help people who suffer from urinary retention and need help excreting urine from their bodies. 
  • It can be due to various causes, such as a blockage in the urethra or a problem in the nervous system that prevents the bladder muscles from relaxing.

What is a urinary device?

  • The (EUCD) External Urine Collection System can be described as a tube or device attached to the perineum. 
  • Collection systems drain the urine through tubes connected to a bag or tubes that draw urine into the container. 
  • EUCDs are usually used in women or men who suffer from urinary incontinence.

What are the three types of urinary catheters?

There are three essential types of catheters:

Can you buy a catheter?

  • Catheters and other medical supplies are available in medical supply stores.
  • You will be given an appointment for the correct catheter that is suitable for you.
  • There are a myriad of different kinds and sizes.
  • Other items include lubricants, towelettes, and K-Y Jelly or Surgilube.

What is a Foley catheter used for?

  • A Foley catheter can be described as a typical type of catheter that remains in the body. 
  • A flexible, soft tube made of rubber or plastic is inserted into the bladder to drain urine. 
  • In most cases, your doctor will choose the most compact catheter.

What is a Coloplast catheter used for?

  • COLOPLAST Folysil is a complete silicone Foley catheter recommended for patients suffering from chronic urinary retention and post-void residual volume (PVR) caused by non-neurogenic and neurogenic micturition disorders.
  • This catheter is inserted into the urethra to allow the bladder to drain.

What is a drainage bag?

  • A drainage bag is a container used to collect urine from a catheter or penile sheath. 
  • A tube usually connects the vagina or catheter to the drainage bag. 
  • If a catheter is used, everything must be sterile. Drainage bags are available in different sizes and are placed on the legs or abdomen, thigh/calf, or thigh if suprapubic catheters are used.

What are the two types of drainage bags?

  • In this forum, people discuss their experiences with drainage bags. 
  • There are two types of bags: Leg bags, which are for daytime use, and night bag, which is usually larger and used at night. 
  • The leg bag is connected directly to the catheter tubing. It holds all the urine produced during the day. 
  • It becomes larger when it is filled.

What is a urinary appliance?

  • These are self-adhesive foam pads that women place on the opening of the urethra. 
  • The pads provide an airtight seal that prevents urine leakage and allows incontinence treatment.

What is an insertion tray used for?

  • Catheterization kits contain everything needed for controlled catheterization in patients.
  • Catheterization is extremely convenient, especially with an insertion kit that includes oil, swabs, a syringe, gloves, a pad, a collection device, and more.

Wound care FAQs



What are wound care products?

  • Traditional wound dressing products are often used as primary or secondary dressings to protect the wound from contamination. 
  • These products include gauze, lint, plasters, bandages (natural or synthetic), and cotton wool.

What is a gauze dressing used for?

  • Gauze bandages made of nonwoven and woven fibers of rayon, cotton, and polyesters provide some protection against bacterial infection.
  • Certain sterile gauze bandages are used to absorb fluids and exudates in an open wound using the fibers found in these dressings.

What is a gauze pad used for?

  • Gauze sponges and gauze pads are used in various ways and are excellent for general cleansing dressings, preparing, covering dressing wounds, and debridement. 
  • They are also used as temporary absorbent dressings for wounds.

How to apply a sterile pad or gauze? 

  • Clean hands and wear disposable, non-latex gloves before touching the wound or dressing. 
  • Make sure the pad is covered beyond the edges of the wound. 
  • Hold the pad by the edges and place it directly on the area of the wound.

What is a gauze sponge used for?

  • Gauze sponges are widely used medical dressings made of loosely woven fabric for wound care, usually to absorb fluid from wounds and apply medications or ointments.
  • Gauze sponges are designed to be highly absorbent and promote wound healing by creating an environment free of pathogens and debris. 
  • Depending on the application, they come in different sizes; sterile and non-sterile versions can be chosen depending on the desired use.

What are gauze swabs for?

  • Gauze swabs, found in most first aid kits, are a white medical dressing used to clean and protect minor wounds or cuts. 
  • It can be used with an antibacterial cream or ointment or to help soak up fluids or other substances.

What is a surgical gauze sponge for?

  • Gauze sponges are disposable medical items commonly used in surgery and medicine.
  • They are usually made of gauze and are used to absorb blood and other fluids and to clean wounds.
  • When used for surgical procedures, they are called surgical sponges.

Why use non-adherent dressing?

  • Non-adherent dressings are excellent for open wounds that have moderate to light exudate.
  • The non-adherent properties prevent the tissue from sticking to the wound as it heals.
  • The patient can rest easy, knowing there will be little or no pain during removal.

What is the tape used for wounds?

  • A surgical or medical adhesive is used to secure gauze, dressings, and other wound dressings.
  • Most adhesive tapes are pressure-sensitive tapes that adhere to pressure and stay in place. 
  • They don’t require heat or solvents.

What is cloth tape used for?

  • It is an adhesive tape made with a cloth backing for durability and flexibility.
  • The tape can be used for various functions, including bandaging, sealing walls, electrical and plumbing projects, and more.