Know Everything About Suction Pumps

What Is a Suction Pump?

A suction machine, sometimes called an aspirator (also known as a lungs-protection device), is utilized to extract gas or liquids like mucus and vomit, serum saliva, blood, or any other fluids from the body cavity of a patient. These can include the lungs, mouth, or even the skull.

Uses of Suction Pump:

If the patient has fallen unconscious, they may vomit or are seizing.

In the instance of an ongoing process for medical treatment.

It doesn’t matter if you’re using a suction machine (single Jar) or a suction device (double Jar) in addition to removing obstructions. This device has many additional uses in prehospital or in-hospital patient care.

To prevent pulmonary aspiration.

They stop the flow of fluids in the human body.

Intensifying breathing.

The stoppage of the expansion of microorganisms.

The doctor can treat the part.

Exercise for breathing.

Lung expansion device

What Are The Different Types Of Suction Apparatus?

Suction machines have been used within medical facilities since the 1850s. The first manual device became an electrical device later.

Various suction devices for hospitals are in use with the advances in technology. This includes:

Manual suction devices: As the title suggests, this machine is operated without batteries or electricity. Since they are frequently utilized in situations requiring immediate attention outside of the hospital, they’re portable suction machines. They are easy to operate, compact, lightweight, and trim.

Wall-mounted suction devices Suction machines are mounted on walls in hospitals or ambulances. They’re efficient and reliable and deliver consistently good outcomes. They are electrical suction devices that require a constant power supply to perform their functions. They are utilized in medical facilities as a routine procedure during surgery.

Portable suction machines are designed to transfer them from one location to another. It is powered by batteries, light in weight, and easy to use. Portable suction machines are used by patients who receive treatment for palliative conditions such as COPD, cystic fibrosis, ALS, etc., and cannot eliminate secretions alone. Because they are portable, they can be lifesavers in situations such as injuries, traumas, or respiratory emergencies.

How To Use Suction Machines?

Suction machines operate on the concept of negative pressure, which causes the vacuum effect that pulls away secretions from an individual’s oral cavity. Various elements of the suction machine work together to generate negative pressure. Suction machines include:

  • Vacuum pump, which creates the negative pressure
  • Connecting tubes are used to connect the pump and the canister for collection.
  • The sterile patient tube carries the secretions to the canister of collection.
  • A disposable canister holds the liquids and stops contamination of other parts of the suction device.
  • Filters that prevent the internal parts of the suction device from becoming contaminated by dust, bacteria, viruses, and gas.
  • Power cords and batteries for powering this machine.

After completing all the parts, you can begin working with the suction machine. Here’s the procedure for how to suction machine use is terminated:

  • Clean and disinfect your hands.
  • Switch on the machine and connect the tubes that connect.
  • Connect a dry and clean suction device to connect the tube.
  • The patient must be laid down on their back. If they prefer sitting, then you can try it. Put a towel that has been rolled under the shoulders.
  • Make use of distilled or sterile water to clean the catheter, and then test the operation of the device.
  • Place the catheter in the tracheostomy tube with care. It is recommended that the distance between the length of the catheter as well as the tracheostomy tube should be identical.
  • Who should place your thumb over the suction vent? Remove it within 5-10 seconds.
  • Rest the patient and resume suctioning when necessary.
  • When the procedure is complete, turn off the machine and dispose of the catheter.
  • A single crucial aspect of using this suction device is its cleaning procedure. Many parts of this machine are single-use and should be removed after usage. By the regulations, features that aren’t single-use should be cleaned regularly. It is crucial for ridding the suction device and its parts of harmful substances. Wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to protect yourself from contaminated waste. The waste and single-use components should be disposed of following your local procedures for disposing of waste from medical facilities.
  • Don’t allow liquids such as oil or grease to enter the machine’s parts. Only run the components through a bit of water or employ abrasive cleaners on the device.


When it comes to treating life-threatening conditions, The suction device is an essential component in both in-hospital and prehospital situations as an advanced respiratory treatment. To ensure that the machines are in good condition, refer to the manuals to get information regarding their operation and cleaning procedures.

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